IFPRI’s 2012 Global Food Policy Report reviews food policy developments and trends with chapter-by-chapter discussions of major food policy developments, high-quality research, and perspectives of farmers from around the world.
In the 21st century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic growth, poverty alleviation, and improvement to rural livelihoods and environmental sustainability (World Bank 2007). Three-quarters of the world’s poor live in rural areas, particularly in Asia and Africa (Ravallion, Chen, and Sangraula 2007), and depend on agriculture as their primary source of income.
Health issues are increasingly affecting household decisionmaking, farm labor, and agricultural productivity in developing countries. Similarly, certain agricultural development projects and practices that aid productivity (for example, the use of pesticides and the water harvesting techniques, storage structures, and dams involved with irrigation) can actually exacerbate the incidence of diseases in workers by increasing interactions with disease vectors and parasites.
The conference aimed to discuss practical initiatives required to increase agricultural productivity in Africa in a sustainable manner and to create opportunity for stakeholders to sit together and find common ground on ways to harmonize programs, tackle challenges and exploit opportunities that exist for increasing agricultural productivity in Africa.