The Worldwide Extension Study gives pragmatic statistics on the human and financial resources of agricultural extension and advisory systems worldwide.
As an output from the conference, Increasing Agricultural Productivity and Enhancing Food Security in Africa: New Challenges and Opportunities, which was organized by IFPRI with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa and the African Union Commission and took place in Addis Ababa on November 1-3, a Development Brief has been published by UNDP-Ethiopia. The Brief makesRead more
In the past decade, many information and communication technology (ICT) projects in Indian agriculture have emerged, either substituting or supporting extension services by providing farmers with access to agricultural information.
A worldwide extension assessment mail-out questionnaire was administered to 37 agricultural extension service providers to collect quantitative data on primary organizational goals, functions, and resources, and the linkages of different extension organizations within an agricultural innovation systems framework.
Poverty is largely a rural phenomenon, and most people who live in rural areas work in agriculture. In Africa, about 65 percent of the total labor force is employed in the agricultural sector, which contributes about 32 percent of the continent’s gross domestic product (GDP).
Public agricultural extension systems often fail due to inadequate consultation of farmers about their information needs and poor understanding of their information search strategies. In discussing and implementing extension programs and advisory services, the following questions need to be addressed: What information do the farmers need? How and where do they search for information? What factors determine their search behavior? How much are they willing to pay for information?
Improving the long-term sustainability and resilience of smallholder agriculture in Africa is highly dependent on conserving or improving the quality of the natural resource base.
The introduction of private enterprises to deliver agricultural advisory services is seen as a strategy to increase the coverage and effectiveness of the pluralistic extension system in developing countries. The Indian national program of agriclinics and agribusiness centers, started in 2002, aims to provide farmers with a reliable alternative to the private input dealer by subsidizing technically trained agricultural graduates to establish their own agricultural input shops and agriclinic laboratories
In the 21st century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic growth, poverty alleviation, and improvement to rural livelihoods and environmental sustainability (World Bank 2007). Three-quarters of the world’s poor live in rural areas, particularly in Asia and Africa (Ravallion, Chen, and Sangraula 2007), and depend on agriculture as their primary source of income.
Health issues are increasingly affecting household decisionmaking, farm labor, and agricultural productivity in developing countries. Similarly, certain agricultural development projects and practices that aid productivity (for example, the use of pesticides and the water harvesting techniques, storage structures, and dams involved with irrigation) can actually exacerbate the incidence of diseases in workers by increasing interactions with disease vectors and parasites.